Euphorbia abyssinica Species Plants
Succulent species Euphorbia abyssinica will eventually grow into a large tree like succulent reaching 15' to 20'ft. tall with individual stems dark green colored, deeply ribbed with 8 edges,twisted or wavy rib edges, brownish short thorns are in pairs along rib edges. Stems average 4" to 6"+ in diameter. Makes for an attractive drought tolerant landscape plant forming a large inverted candelabra form once mature. Small narrow leaves will emerge from tops of stems in warm growing season provided conditions are moist.
Specimen Size: 15.5 " tall by 3" in diameter.
Common Names : Desert Candle, Candelabra Spurge
Synonyms : Euphorbia acrurensis, Euphorbia grandis
Native To : Northeast Africa ranging from East Sudan (Red Sea Hills) to Eritrea, Northern Ethiopia and Northern Somalia.
Flowers/ Fruit : Euphorbia abyssinica has small yellowish flowers followed by fruit that at first is whitish to yellow-orange and eventually turning reddish in color.
More Info. : A common tree Euphorbia in Northeast Africa. Like all Euphorbias the milky latex inside stems is a poisonous irritant, avoid contact with eyes-wash hands well after handling or harvesting cuttings.Euphorbia abyssinica was first described by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1791.
Euphorbia abyssinica has many uses in its native habit such as the stem bark decoction is used medicinally to treat gastro-intestinal complaints. The latex is also taken in milk, or eaten with bread, to treat gonorrhoea or ascariasis. The latex is applied to wounds to accelerate healing.
Other Uses : The soft, yellow wood is used for water pots, xylophones, roofing, matches, boxes, tables and saddles. The wood is also used for fuel. The carbon from burnt wood is used for making gun powder.
Care : Euphorbia abyssinica likes semi-rich good draining soil mix. Full to part sun. Little water needed once well established. Leaves will appear in warm season if given more water. Hardy to 32 degrees for brief periods only. Can be grown as a houseplant when young.